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MGM Resorts Says Data Breach Exposed Some Guests’ Personal Information


MGM Resorts International, the casino and hotel giant, acknowledged on Wednesday that it was the victim of a data breach last year, the latest company to have the personal information of its customers exposed.

MGM did not disclose the number of customers affected, but Under the Breach, a firm that monitors cybercrimes and provides intelligence about potential data breaches to companies, said 10.6 million people were affected.

Under the Breach said several high-profile guests at MGM properties had their email addresses, phone numbers and physical addresses exposed, including one guest with the same name as Jack Dorsey, Twitter’s chief executive.

Twitter declined to comment on Wednesday night.

MGM Resorts said the vast majority of those affected had “phone book information” breached such as name, phone number and address. About 1,300 individuals had more sensitive data — from their driver’s licenses, passports or military ID cards — exposed, MGM said.

“Last summer, we discovered unauthorized access to a cloud server that contained a limited amount of information for certain previous guests of MGM Resorts,” MGM Resorts International said in a statement. “We are confident that no financial, payment card or password data was involved in this matter.”

MGM Resorts said it had promptly notified guests potentially affected by the breach in accordance with state laws. MGM did not disclose who had breached the data, but said it had worked with law enforcement to investigate. The company also hired two cybersecurity firms to investigate, review and help fix the breach.

“At MGM Resorts, we take our responsibility to protect guest data very seriously, and we have strengthened and enhanced the security of our network to prevent this from happening again,” the company said.

MGM Resorts publicly acknowledged the breach after ZDNet, a technology news website, published a report on Wednesday detailing how the personal information of guests had been posted on a hacking forum.

The MGM breach followed a spate of attacks on the American hospitality industry, which included the hack of the Marriott hotel chain in 2018. That breach compromised data on roughly 500 million hotel guests.

Hotel chains and travel companies have been a major target for Chinese espionage, in particular, because of the vast troves of data they store on American executives and government officials with security clearances.

Nicole Perlroth contributed reporting.



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Video

Trump State of the Union guests never benefitted from policies he used them to boast about



Two people Donald Trump invited to his State of the Union address have little to do with the policies that he brought them there to amplify.

A Philadelphia fourth grader was surprised with a scholarship after the president highlighted his administration’s attempts to rescue students “trapped in failing government schools” with $5bn (£3.8bn) in federal tax credits for contributions to scholarship programmes. But Janiyah Davis already attends a sought-after tuition-free charter school and previously attended a $5,200-a-year private school.

The president invited a formerly homeless veteran to tout the success of a programme that provides tax breaks to companies hiring in poor neighbourhoods. But Tony Rankins doesn’t work at a site taking advantage of the breaks and never has done so, according to the Associated Press.


Critics have criticised the president for relying on his two guests to manipulate support for significant tax breaks for wealthy people that would support his signature proposals.

At his State of the Union address, the president said: “After struggling with drug addiction, Tony lost his job, his house and his family. He was homeless. But then Tony found a construction company that invests in Opportunity Zones … He is now a top tradesman, drug-free, reunited with his family.”

 

A few days later, the president spoke at the Opportunity Now summit in North Carolina to sing the programme’s success, even inviting Mr Rankins to that event as well.

Mr Trump said: “One of the Americans benefitting from this gusher of new investment is a man who became very famous the other night because I introduced him during the State of the Union: Army veteran Tony Rankins of Cincinnati, Ohio. … After struggling with drug addiction, Tony lost his job, his house, his family. And he was homeless. He lost everything. But then Tony found a construction company that does work in Opportunity Zones. And the company saw Tony’s great skill and talent.”

Mr Rankins thanked the president for signing the legislation, saying that “without it, I wouldn’t be standing here before you right now”.

The president said that the construction business where Mr Rankins is employed “is working to help 200 people rise out of homelessness every year by investing in the Opportunity Zones”.

Mr Rankins started a job four months before the US Treasury Department listed eligible neighbourhoods. He’s currently working at a site that is eligible for Opportunity Zone credits but has not used them, the Associated Press reports.

Travis Steffans, the CEO of the company that Mr Rankins works for, said the tax break that has routinely helped him employ people like Mr Rankins was passed in 1996 under then-president Bill Clinton.

The Opportunity Zone program, part of the president’s 2017 tax package, offers developers significant tax savings if they work in 8,000 designated poor neighbourhoods. But critics warn that the programme stands only to benefit wealthy developers while fuelling gentrification and pushing out the black families that the president said would benefit most from the programme.

Mr Trump’s “school choice” proposal provides up to $5 billion in federal tax credits to effectively use taxpayer money to support private school education, without adjusting a budget for public schools, largely attended by more students from lower-income families than private schools that require significant tuition fees. 

Janiyah’s mother Stephanie Davis told The Philadelphia Inquirer that she doesn’t view her daughter’s current school  “as a school you want to get out of at all. I view it as a great opportunity”.



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Fashion & Style

Baftas 2020: Guests asked to rewear old clothes or hire outfits at sustainable ceremony



BAFTA has asked guests to make sustainable choices on the red carpet as part of its efforts to be a carbon neutral awards ceremony.

The British award body has given all those attending Sunday’s event a sustainable fashion guide created by the London College of Fashion.

The guide encourages attendees to either re-wear something they already own or hire an ensemble as opposed to buying something new.


It also urges guests to make the most of rental fashion sites, such as Hurr Collective, By Rotation and My Wardrobe HQ, or source clothing from resale outlets like Vestiare Collective and Depop.

Additionally, the guide lists several sustainable fashion brands, such as Stella McCartney and Reformation, which are renowned for using innovative eco-friendly materials.

“This awards season BAFTA are doing more than ever before to consider sustainability across its awards ceremonies, including inviting guests to ‘dress sustainably’,” the guide states.

“To help navigate some of the issues around fashion and sustainability London College of Fashion, UAL are supporting BAFTA with more information on how you can dress sustainably.”

A spokesperson for BAFTA added: “Sustainability is very important to BAFTA, and we’re doing more than ever before.

“Where sustainable choices are unable to be made, BAFTA is offsetting, as well as giving guests the tools to offset their own travel and make sustainable fashion choices.”

The decision has been praised by TV presenter Laura Whitmore, who shared her delight in an Instagram post.

“This year @Bafta film awards are going carbon neutral. They’ve also asked for everyone to wear something they already own! Love this idea,” the Love Island host wrote in a caption below a series of old photographs of her at previous BAFTA ceremonies.


“I owned none of these dresses but I did borrow from the designers and they were all worn and loved again by other people,” Whitmore added.

In addition to encouraging guests to dress sustainably, the awards ceremony will forgo goody bags and serve a vegan starter and dessert in a bid to be more environmentally friendly.

BAFTA is not the only awards ceremony that is going green. Last month, the Golden Globes served an exclusively vegan meal during the ceremony.

Meanwhile, the menu at the Oscars luncheon last week was also entirely plant-based.



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Lifestyle Style

Baftas 2020: The best dressed guests on the red carpet, from Emilia Clarke to Taron Egerton



Tonight, Hollywood stars are descending on the Royal Albert Hall in London for the British Academy Film Awards, otherwise known as the Baftas.

This year’s ceremony, which marks the 73rd consecutive year it has been held, is being presented by British television host Graham Norton for the first time ever, while Edith Bowman and Dermot O’Leary will be on hand to quiz guests about their outfits as they arrive on the red carpet

The nominees for the Baftas – which you can see here – were announced in January and give both cinephiles and fashion fans an indication of which stars are likely to grace the red carpet for 2020.


As the president of the Baftas, Prince William is expected to attend this year’s ceremony alongside Kate Middleton, while a myriad of familiar on-screen faces such as Margot Robbie, Florence Pugh, Tom Hanks and Leonardo DiCaprio are also expected to make an appearance. 

As is the case every year, the Baftas red carpet attracts a number of fashionable figures but for 2020, attendees have been asked to follow a very specific dress code.

This year, the British award body has created a sustainable fashion guide alongside the London College of Fashion, which encourages guests to either re-wear something they already own or hire an ensemble as opposed to buying something new.

It also urges guests to make the most of rental fashion sites and opt for sustainable fashion brands, such as Stella McCartney and Reformation, which are renowned for using innovative eco-friendly materials.

Click through our gallery to see the best-dressed guests from the 73rd British Academy Film Awards.



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Americas World

Like Its 2 Royal Guests, Canada’s Most English City Reinvents Itself


VICTORIA, British Columbia — If Prince Harry ever gets lonesome for royal life while in Canada, he can always visit his great-great-great-great-grandmother, perched at a dining room table over a glass of sherry, her hair lovingly shampooed and fluffed by one of her most devoted subjects.

Until last week, Ken Lane, who once ran the Royal London Wax Museum in Victoria, British Columbia, kept Queen Victoria’s wax head in a box in his basement, stored with the heads of Elvis, Grumpy Smurf and other items from the museum, which shut down in 2010.

But after the recent arrival of Prince Harry and his wife, Meghan, in Victoria, Mr. Lane decided to move the figure of Queen Victoria upstairs. He spent three days getting her ready for display, coifing and styling her real human hair imported from Italy.

Wearing a crown, she now presides at his dining room table, as if in mid-conversation, with the figures of Queen Elizabeth II; Diana, Princess of Wales; and Winston Churchill. Union Jack napkins are at the ready, and multicolor Skittles are available for snacking.

Mr. Lane hopes that Harry and Meghan’s decision to retreat from their royal duties and move to Canada will nourish a renewed fascination with the British royals, and that his collection of 350 wax figures will then find a new home.

“Meghan and Harry are popular royals, and I feel sorry for what they’ve been through,” said Mr. Lane, past chairman of the Victoria branch of the Monarchist League of Canada, which works to support Canada’s constitutional monarchy. Harry’s grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, is the country’s head of state.

Victoria, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, has long marketed itself as Canada’s most English city. It is peppered with Tudor Revival architecture, pubs with names like “the Churchill” and specialty shops selling marmalade jam. Until 1950, its police officers wore bobby-style helmets.

Some residents, like Mr. Lane, have clung proudly to this image of Victoria. The city was established as a British trading post in 1843, before it became the seat of British Columbia’s government and a popular destination for retirees and honeymooners.

But increasingly shaped by a wave of new immigrants, a growing high-tech sector and a mayor who refused to pledge the traditional oath of allegiance to the queen, the picturesque city no longer aspires to be a “little piece of Old England.”

In many ways, said John Adams, 70, a local historian and city guide, the makeover of Victoria is not unlike the rebranding its newest and most famous residents are attempting.

“Harry and Meghan are a contemporary couple trying to break with tradition, and that is perhaps why they resonate so much here in Victoria,” Mr. Adams said. “Like them, this city is trying to bring an old past into the future.”

Harry and Meghan, also known as the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, are reportedly ensconced in an 18 million Canadian dollars, or nearly $14 million, French-inspired eight-bedroom beachfront estate on Vancouver Island, where they spent their Christmas vacation. Their presence has been greeted with a mixture of enthusiasm, curiosity and studied indifference.

But such is the overall interest generated by the royal couple’s decision to move to Canada’s westernmost province, that the CBC, the Canadian broadcaster, issued an etiquette guide for would be royal-spotters that reads like a how-to from the parks authority for engaging with wildlife.

“Never touch a royal,” the guide sternly warns, citing a royal expert. If presented to the couple, bow or curtsy. “Treat them like cats,” it adds. “Let them come to you.”

Lawyers representing the couple have threatened legal action against the British media after reporters hiding in bushes took photos of a beaming duchess walking with her son, Archie, in a public park near their rented home.

Local residents, though, appear determined to leave them alone.

A water taxi captain was feted as a local hero for refusing to bring a Japanese television crew to visit the property. On a recent day outside the estate, at the end of the long narrow road leading to the property, two security men with British accents came outside and barked at curious journalists to stay away.

Not everyone is thrilled by the duke and duchess’s arrival and even Mr. Lane is irked by their royal mutiny.

“We are not amused,” he said, using a quote attributed to Queen Victoria to express his disappointment with the couple’s decision to step back from the Crown, which sent shudders through his tight-knit monarchist fraternity.

Opinion on the royal couple was divided on a recent day during high tea, a popular ritual at the imposing and luxurious Empress Hotel, which was opened in 1908, and boasts vaulted ceilings and Bengal tiger head furnishings that hark back to the British Raj.

Sitting among a large group of female friends, wearing fascinators befitting a royal wedding as they sipped tea and devoured tiny egg and cucumber sandwiches, Christina Yee, a human resources manager, said she was “drawn to the mystery of what it’s like to be a princess or prince.”

But Rebecca Bertrand, who works in sales and whose mother is British, lamented that the royal couple’s presence could raise local property prices. “No one wants paparazzi here,” she added.

Pritam Sunger, the high tea hostess, offered a practical view. “I love that they are here,” she said. “It’s good for tourism and the economy.”

Jordana Burnes, a Vancouver native who also works in sales, had this to say: “I could really care less.”

One person who is not obsessing about the royals is Victoria’s mayor, Lisa Helps, a left-leaning historian who is passionate about pushing for affordable housing, raising chickens and fighting inequality.

The mayor, who was first elected as an independent in 2014, has drawn opprobrium from royalists like Mr. Lane because she refused to swear an oath to the queen. Mr. Lane called that “childish” and “churlish.”

In Canada, representatives at the provincial and federal level pledge allegiance to the queen but mayors in British Columbia aren’t required to do so.

In not swearing the oath, Ms. Helps said she had been protesting the subjugation of Indigenous people by the city’s former British colonial masters.

“I have deep respect for the British bones of this city,” she said, over breakfast at a hip downtown cafe, adding that she would be delighted to welcome Prince Harry and Meghan to City Hall. But, “to me such an oath is an anachronism.”

The city, she stressed, was no longer a throwback to the British Empire, nor the place some British Columbians have mocked as home of “the newly wed and the nearly dead.”

Instead, she said, 21st-century Victoria was a place of Indigenous cultural affirmation, green-friendly bike lanes, artificial intelligence companies, and immigration from countries with few ties to the Crown, like China or Brazil.

In Mr. Lane’s living room, though, “God Save The Queen” was blaring. His House of Windsor-themed room is decorated with commemorative tea towels of Harry and Meghan’s 2018 wedding and cushions festooned with corgis, Queen Elizabeth II’s favorite dogs.

He lamented that Victoria had been hijacked by political correctness. But he was still hopeful that his beloved Queen Victoria would find a new Canadian home — even if it was not in the city that bears her name.

In any case, he added, in his collection, there was no wax figures of Prince Harry and the duchess.

“He’s a spare — not the heir,” he explained.



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Culture

Elizabeth Banks shocks Graham Norton Show guests with joke about Prince Andrew



Elizabeth Banks shocked her fellow guests on The Graham Norton Show with a joke about Prince Andrew.

The Charlie’s Angels writer-director appeared on the show alongside Ricky Gervais, Kylie Minogue and Lewis Hamilton.

When Norton attempted to embarrass Banks with a throwback photo from her teenage years, in which she sports hoop earrings and a big haircut, Banks laughed, “That’s my hair,” to which Gervais quipped, “Sorry, is that a tree behind you?” 

Pointing at the mysterious hand resting on Banks’s shoulder in the picture, Norton said: “I’ve only just noticed this hand, is it someone saying, ‘You’ll regret this photograph.’”

“That’s Prince Andrew’s hand,” replied Banks, much to the delight of Minogue and Gervais who burst into hysterical laughter. 

“Photoshop, it’s just Photoshop,” said Norton. “Moving on.” 

Prince Andrew has made headlines in recent days after a disastrous TV interview about his friendship with paedophile Jeffrey Epstein, in which he said he was incapable of sweating and denied having sex with then-17-year-old Virginia Roberts-Giuffre.



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Video

Children in Need 2019: 7 things you need to know, from the presenters to special guests



Children in Need is back for its 39th year, bringing a whole new host of celebrities together to help raise money for disadvantaged children and young people across the UK.

The 2018 programme raised a record-breaking £50,168,562, meaning Children in Need has brought in over £1bn since it began the annual fundraiser in 1980.

This year’s programme will air on BBC1 from 7pm on Friday 15 November, broadcast live from Elstree studios.

From the presenting line-up and the Strictly special – to a surprise from the England football team and a range of musical performances – here’s what you need to know about the 2019 show.

The presenters

Children in Need presenting line-up (BBC)

Graham Norton, Mel Giedroyc, Ade Adepitan, Tess Daly, Tom Allen and Marvin and Rochelle Humes are hosting this year’s live show.

Graham Norton’s Red Chair takeover

The presenter’s famous red chair – in which audience members at his chat show usually sit and tell funny stories – will be taken over by a host of young carers who have the power to flip the celebrities whose jokes fail to amuse.

Musical performances

Michael Ball and Alfie Boe, Westlife and former One Direction star Louis Tomlinson will be providing live music on the night.

The England football team

Members of the national football team pose with children from the England Amputee Football Association (BBC)

Footballers including Harry Kane, Marcus Rashford and Raheem Sterling are set to surprise children from the England Amputee Football Association.

Mock the Week special

A host of top comedians are getting together for a late night Mock the Week sketch, a BBC Children In Need-spin on one of their “Scenes We’d Like To See” round.

Strictly special

Louisa Lytton dances with Gorka Marquez (BBC)

Opening the show will be a performance from the cast of Big the Musical, featuring Strictly Come Dancing winner Jay McGuiness. The Strictly special will see EastEnders stars Rudolph Walker, Ricky Champ, Louisa Lytton and Maisie Smith compete to lift the Pudsey Glitterball trophy.

Rylan Clark-Neal’s Karaoke challenge

Rylan Clark-Neal raised more than £1m this week by singing non-stop karaoke for 24 hours. The presenter sang 231 songs, assisted by more than 90 celebrity guests, including Rick Astley, Nicole Scherzinger and Craig David. We can expect to see clips of this challenge during the live show.

Children in Need will begin at 7.30pm on BBC1 on Friday 15 November.



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Lifestyle Style

Center Parcs bans transgender guests from using single-sex changing rooms unless they’ve fully transitioned



Transgender visitors to Center Parcs cannot use the changing rooms of their choice unless they have gone through a “full transition”.

The UK holiday company’s policy came to light after a transgender woman emailed customer services ahead of her visit to ask if there were any rules she should be aware of.

Victoria Hodges was planning to visit Center Parcs in the Lake District, where she’s been with her family every year for the last three years, but the forthcoming trip would be her first since transitioning.


At first, Center Parcs replied by saying that transgender guests could make use of “private changing rooms” on site.

When Hodges emailed back to ask if that meant she could not use the women’s changing rooms, a representative for the holiday company said: “Transgender guests are welcome to use the changing rooms that match with their acquired gender if they have gone through the full transition. 

“If they are still in the transition period we would ask that they use the private changing facilities.”

Speaking to PinkNews, Hodges said she was “very surprised” by the response and thought it might be a mistake.

“This can’t seriously be their policy towards transgender individuals using their spa and changing facilities,” she added. “What the policy does is to segregate transgender individuals into those that have and those that haven’t ‘gone through the full transition’ vs. ‘still in the transition period’.”

The policy also sparked a debate on Twitter, with trans support group Gendered Intelligence tweeting: “There is no justification for a blanket ban on trans people using single-sex facilities.”

Center Parcs confirmed its policy in a statement given to PinkNews. “We appreciate that this is a deeply personal issue and we feel our policy is proportionate and compliant with the Equality Act 2010,” it said.

“Within the spa area, we operate single sex, male and female, changing facilities. Having single sex changing facilities is in accordance with the Equality Act 2010 and we ask that guests use the changing facilities appropriate to their legally defined sex.

“If guests wish to use changing facilities appropriate to their gender, we will always speak to them to see what options are available to them, while taking into account and balancing the interests of other guests. We do offer all of our guests the option to use a private changing facility to ensure that all guests and visitors can use the spa.

“We always seek to make Center Parcs as inclusive and accessible as possible for all of our guests, visitors and employees.

The Independent has contacted Center Parcs for further comment.



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Video

Jeremy Kyle Show: MPs condemn ITV for ‘failure of responsibility’ over treatment of guests



MPs have condemned ITV for a “corporate failure of responsibility” over producers’ treatment of guests on The Jeremy Kyle Show.

Participants on the tabloid talk show were “exploited” for the “purpose of entertainment,” said members of the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee.

The panel viewed behind-the-scenes footage from the programme, which was produced by the broadcaster’s company ITV Studios, as part of a wider investigation into reality television.


The daytime TV show, which was cancelled in May following the death of a guest, featured members of the public attempting to resolve sensitive issues such as extramarital affairs, addiction and familial conflicts. 

“It is clear that once the cameras started rolling on The Jeremy Kyle Show there was no safe space for anyone in a highly distressed state, verified by the behind-the-scenes footage passed to the committee by a whistleblower,” said Damian Collins, the committee’s chair.

The footage seen by the committee showed guests were filmed backstage and in dressing rooms and “makes a mockery of the ‘aftercare’ [ITV] has claimed to provide,” the panel said.

Kyle was seen using “abusive language” which “could be edited out of the broadcasted show,” it added.

Expert advisers who viewed the footage and were also deeply concerned by the level of “humiliation, denigration and provocation that a participant is subjected to”.

“We’ve seen one contributor who was extremely upset take refuge backstage only to have a camera thrust in his face to capture him holding his head in his hands,” Mr Collins said.

“We’ve also seen how Jeremy Kyle would use provocative and sometimes abusive language towards participants in the show, and that this could be edited out of the broadcasted show.”

Kyle was asked to appear before the committee but did not do so.


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Mr Collins said: ”The overriding concern of the reality TV inquiry has been to examine the production companies’ duty of care towards people who take part, often at an extremely vulnerable point in their lives.

“We’ve shown this recording to expert advisers who are deeply concerned at ITV’s apparent failure to prioritise the welfare of participants over the demands of the show, exploiting their vulnerability for the purpose of entertainment.

“What we’ve seen demonstrates a failure on the part of ITV Studios in its responsibility towards contributors and makes a mockery of the ‘aftercare’ it has claimed to provide.”

ITV said it could not comment on the “accusations” because it had not seen the footage passed to the committee by the whistleblower.

A spokeswoman added: “ITV cancelled The Jeremy Kyle Show in May.  We have since made clear that we will not bring back The Jeremy Kyle Show, or any other show resembling its format.

“The participation of the public in television programmes has been right at the heart of TV since it began. 

“We believe that these shows are all the better for the talent, energy and diversity of the members of the public who take part in them and we are committed to continuing to ensure that their welfare is also at the heart of what we do.

The Jeremy Kyle Show was first broadcast on ITV in July 2005, effectively replacing Trisha Goddard’s chat show. 

Love Islandanother popular ITV show, has also come under scrutiny after the deaths of former contestants Sophie Gradon and Mike Thalassitis.

Additional reporting by agencies



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Business

Ex-Nazi Bunker Will Soon House Hotel Guests


A former Nazi bunker in Hamburg, built by forced laborers to shelter tens of thousands of Germans during Allied air raids in World War II, will soon house hotel guests.

The 136-room nhow Hamburg, which is being designed by the NH Hotel Group, will open in mid-2021 on top of the Bunker St. Pauli, one of thousands of air raid shelters built across the country by the Third Reich.

The hotel will be part of a five-story tiered garden atop the bunker.

Developers and project managers for the hotel could not be reached for comment, but a spokeswoman for the Spanish hotel chain, Juliane Voss, said they were “aware of the history of the building” and wanted to show “responsibility” for it.

“We understand it’s a sensitive topic,” Ms. Voss said, adding that there were plans for a memorial on the site. “We would like to send a positive signal to the city of Hamburg.”

Ms. Voss said that the establishment was not a luxury hotel but “a design and lifestyle hotel in the upscale segment with an open approach to the local community.”

By the end of the war, more than 1,000 bunkers had been built in Hamburg alone, more than any other German city, according to the city’s tourism website. Today, about 650 still stand.

The St. Pauli structure is one of the largest. Designed to hold 18,000 people, it has extra-wide entrances so mothers could push children through in strollers.

The imposing castle-like structure, 246 feet wide and 115 feet high, is also called “Hochbunker,” which translates to “high bunker.”

During heavy bombing during the summer of 1943, at least 25,000 Germans sought shelter there.

After the war, discussions to destroy the structure ended when it became clear that the amount of dynamite needed to bring its thick walls down would blow the residential area around it to smithereens.

The space was used as a television broadcasting hub in the 1950s and, more recently, as a work space for musicians and artists and a venue hosting live concerts and night clubs.

It is not the first Nazi-era site to catch the eye of a private developer in Germany.

In 2018, the former Gestapo headquarters in Hamburg, where Jews, gay people, Roma and other people targeted by the Nazis were tortured and murdered, a cluster of high-end apartments, luxury boutiques and offices opened for business. Protests ensued.

A never-completed holiday resort that Hitler had intended to be used for workers through his “Strength Through Joy” project has been converted to luxury apartments. The massive complex, originally known as the Colossus of Prora, stretches for miles along the island of Rügen off Germany’s Baltic coast. Recent guests gave the accommodations an 8.4 rating on Booking.com.

The challenge when integrating these sites into modern-day landscapes is “how to reconcile commemoration and consumption or consumerism,” said Thomas L. Doughton, a senior lecturer at the College of the Holy Cross in Massachusetts who takes students on tours of Holocaust sites across Europe to explore the politics of memory.

Dr. Doughton said there were parallels to places in the United States, including plantations where African-Americans were once enslaved and the sites of atrocities against Native Americans, that have been commercialized at the expense of a blunt reckoning with historical oppression. Some of these places’ paying customers are descendants exploring their heritage.

Other travelers, he said, are drawn to the “pornographic” aspect of violence. “Dark tourism,” as the growing trade is known, involves profiting from places that were once sites of shame and horror, contributing to what Dr. Doughton calls the “gentrification of terror.”

“Part of the concern with some people in Hamburg, as well as in other locations in Europe and elsewhere,” he said, is “that the real significance of some of these sites will become lost.”

Tobias Helbing is part of a volunteer group in Hamburg that is organizing the rooftop garden, known as the Hilldegarden, for which 4,700 shrubs, plants and trees are growing in wait to be hoisted atop the bunker.

“It’s time to move on,” Mr. Helbing said, but “very respectfully.”

In addition to the garden, which will be open to the public, the group is creating a 560-square-foot exhibition space to commemorate the structure’s past.

They are collecting artifacts and interviewing locals who were protected by the bunker, as well as tracking down the people who were forced to built it, about whom little is known.

“We don’t want to hide the history,” he said. “We want to make it more visible and more transparent.”



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