This article is part of our Design special section on how looks, materials and even creators evolve.
Ralph Lauren Home. Fendi Casa. Louis Vuitton’s Art of Living. Fashion companies cannot seem to resist the lure of household objects.
Why? A single bedsheet can produce more revenue than an entire season’s ready-to-wear collection, said Warren Shoulberg, who edited two of the industry’s most influential magazines: Home Furnishings News and Home Textiles Today.
Home goods also have a longer shelf life than clothes. “Some 30-year-old designs are still selling,” Mr. Shoulberg said.
And there is gold beyond those bed linens. The fashion industry’s reach into housewares extends to tableware and furniture, train and plane interiors, and hotels and condominiums.
For fashion designers, a love for the home has grown from an occasional flirtation to a full-blown affair. Here are some of the highlights of the movement.
1953: Laura Ashley Sets the Stage
Ashley, a 28-year-old Welsh-born secretary who, with her husband, Bernard, was inspired by a women’s craft exhibition at the Victoria and Albert Museum, begins silk-screening place mats, tea towels and scarves (inspired by Audrey Hepburn in “Roman Holiday”) on the couple’s kitchen table in London. The public is charmed by the simple English country look, and the couple add new categories in both home and fashion every year, demonstrating the easy confluence between the two markets. By 1984, a year before Laura Ashley’s death, annual sales total $130 million. Bernard Ashley continues to build the brand, earning a knighthood and gaining Princess Diana as a fan. The company goes on after he dies in 2009, though shakily.
1971: Bill Blass Boosts Designer Sheets
When Blass ventures into bed linens through licensees (he will also put his name on towels, glassware and backgammon sets, but draw the line at coffin linings), he becomes one of only two designers to do more than $10 million of wholesale business in sheets (the other is Vera). His success prods manufacturers to climb into bed with other fashion stars, including Mary McFadden, Gloria Vanderbilt, Perry Ellis, Yves Saint Laurent and Halston. “The giant textile mills were always looking for a glamorous hook. They themselves didn’t have great brand recognition,” said Mr. Shoulberg.
1978: Elsa Peretti Crosses Over
Described by John Loring, a former design director of Tiffany & Company, as a young Italian woman of genius, Peretti, who began her career as a fashion model, creates sterling silver serving pieces for Tiffany that are still in production today. She goes on to design more than 100 household objects for the company in both silver and glass. That same year, Pierre Cardin complements his futuristic fashion looks with his first space-age furniture designs.
1983: Ralph Lauren Ups the Ante
Rejecting what he once described as “ugly flowered prints with a guy’s name on it” (Blass’s, presumably, among them), Lauren lofts himself beyond the designer bedding craze to conceive entire environments. For his first home collection, which includes bathroom accessories, rugs, fabrics, tableware and wallcoverings, seven licensees produce more than 2,500 items incorporating four design themes: Log Cabin, Thoroughbred, New England and Jamaica. “Based on advance store orders, the new home-furnishing line is expected to do from $30 million to $35 million in its first year, a return that will serve to keep Lauren in favorable regard among retailers,” The New York Times reports in 1983. Furniture joins the party in 1985, paint in 1995 and lighting in 2000. Lauren’s success inspires Calvin Klein, Geoffrey Beene and Donna Karan to follow in his footsteps in the 1990s.
1988: Fendi Leads the Italian Onslaught
“You can dress furniture the same way you dress people,” said Carla Fendi, the president of her family’s fashion house, when the company introduced its first collection at the Milan Furniture Fair. (Now owned by LVMH, Fendi’s furniture is currently created by esteemed product designers like Piero Lissoni and Cristina Celestino.) In 2018, 30 years after its founding, Fendi Casa’s sales are estimated to be more than 70 million euros ($82.6 million at the time). Many other Italian fashion companies enter the market — among them, Gianni Versace in 1992, Missoni in 1996 and Giorgio Armani in 2000. Later, Roberto Cavalli, Dolce & Gabbana, Etro, Gucci and Loro Piana jump on the bandwagon. The first Fendi Casa store entirely focused on interiors opens in Milan in June 2022.
2008: Diesel Adds a New Wrinkle
Rather than seeking licensees or using anonymous suppliers to create its home goods, Diesel, the Italian jeans purveyor, opts for name-brand partners. Andrea Russo, creative director of Diesel Living, forms alliances with well-known product design companies, collaborating first with Moroso for furniture then gradually adding Lodes for lighting, Scavolini for kitchen and bath, Seletti for tableware, Berti for flooring and Iris for tiles. In 2024, the company plans to complete its Diesel-branded condominiums in the Wynwood district in Miami and after that, condos in Las Vegas.
2012: Louis Vuitton Takes the High Road
Referring back to its early days producing chic travel gear, the French luxury fashion house founded in 1854 launches Objets Nomades: limited-edition furniture and travel accessories created by famous names in home design, including Fernando and Humberto Campana of Brazil, Atelier Oï of Switzerland and Christian Liaigre of France. Of course, none of this comes cheap: An egg-shaped suspended chair by the Campana brothers currently costs $96,000; a collapsible leather stool by Atelier Oï (shown) is $5,650.
2022: Zara Goes for the Hard Sell
As fast-fashion giants like H&M and Uniqlo make inroads into the soft-furnishings market, Zara, which presented its first bedding collection in 2003, forges ahead with furniture. Its division Zara Home introduces sofas, dining tables and chairs, desks, rugs and lighting by the Belgian designer Vincent Van Duysen, who is currently the creative director of the luxury Italian furniture company Molteni. There is nothing disposable about these pieces. The price of the sofa starts at $6,299.